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How to Search

Search by Field | String matching | Exact matching | Full Text Search | Is Null Queries | Range searches | Date searches | Match multiple values | Suffix Matching | Prefix Matching | Boolean operators | Nested Queries

Search by Field

Enter the field name, then a colon, then your query. Nested fields are dot separated.

Examples:

asset.netbiosName: WIN7PATCH69-85

asset.lastLoggedOnUser: .\Administrator

asset.hostID: 43954857

String matching

Use single quotes or double quotes around your query to match a string.

Examples:

operatingSystem: "Windows 7 SP2 Enterprise"

services.description: "Certificate Propagation"

Example using wildcard: If you want to search for exact count you should use asterisk (*). For example to find assets with name starting with WINDOWS2008 use this query:

asset.name: WINDOWS2008*

Exact matching

Use backticks to exactly match a string. Your results will include any asset with the EXACT value returned.

Examples:

operatingSystem: `Windows 7 Ultimate Service Pack 1`

hardware: `Dell Latitude e7470`

Full Text Search

Many asset fields containing text allow you to use full text search and advanced search capabilities.

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Examples:

Show any findings with this OS name

operatingSystem: Windows

Show any findings that contain components of OS name

operatingSystem: "Windows 2008 r2 service pack 2"

Show any findings that match exact value "Windows 2002"

operatingSystem: `Windows 2002`

Is Null Queries

Want to match an empty/null value for a field? You'll need to remove the colon and then write "is null". For example, quickly find assets where the OS has not been identified.

Examples:

operatingSystem is null

interfaces.macAddress is null

asset.biosDescription is null

Range searches

Ranges can be specified with the [lower .. upper] syntax using () and/or [] as follows. This is supported for numeric and date fields.

Example:

inventory.created: [2018-08-01 .. 2018-09-01]  // Between August 1st and September 1st 2018

 

Range options:

inventory.created:(date1 .. date2)  // Greater than but not equal to date1 and less than but not equal to date2

inventory.created:(date1 .. date2]  // Greater than but not equal to date1 and less than or equal to date2

inventory.created:[date1.. date2)  // Greater than or equal to date1 and less than but not equal to date2

inventory.created:[date1 .. date2]  // Greater than but or equal to date1 and less than or equal to date2

inventory.created > date1 // Greater than date1

inventory.created >= date1 // Greater than or equal to date1

inventory.created < date1 // Less than date1

inventory.created <= date1 // Less than or equal to date1

Date searches

Use a date range [start date .. end date] or a specific date. Several date variables are also available.

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Examples:

openPorts.lastFound: "2018-10-20"

openPorts.lastFound <= "2018-11-20"

openPorts.lastFound: ["2018-10-20" .. "2018-10-24"]

openPorts.lastFound: [now-3d .. now-1s]

Match multiple values

Use to match values "In" or "Not In" fields. Available for all fields except analyzed fields (i.e. full text search fields).

Examples:

Find assets with at least one of these three scanner appliance locations:

inventory.scannerLocation: [SanJose1, SanJose2, SanJose3]

Find assets not last booted on date: 2018-08-31 or 2018-09-12

NOT asset.lastBoot: ["2018-08-31","2018-09-12"]

Supported date formats:

YYYY example: asset.lastBoot:["2017","2018"]  // in 2017 or 2018

YYYY-MM example: asset.lastBoot:["2018-08","2018-09"]  // in month of Aug or Sept

YYYY-MM-DD example: asset.lastBoot:["2018-10-30","2018-11-05"]  // on one of exact dates

Suffix matching

Suffix matching is supported for some search tokens in QQL. Especially when you search for assets based on asset names, tag names, NetBIOS names, you can go for suffix matching for quicker results. All you need to do is, type the wildcard character '*' followed by the string you are looking for. The search returns name values ending with the string that you specify after '*'. Matches are not case-sensitive.

Examples:

To find asset names ending with 110, form the following query:

name: *110

The query returns asset names such as bw2012-35-110 or vsweblogic12110 or stvsp2-32-110 and so on.

To find assets based on tag names ending with 'region east,' form the following query:

tags.name:*Region East

The query returns assets having tag names ending with Region East, region east, or Region EAST.

Suffix and domain matching is supported for the token interfaces.hostname but the syntax is different.

interfaces.hostname:qualys.com

interfaces.hostname:sjc01.qualys.com

interfaces.hostname:eng.sjc01.qualys.com

interfaces.hostname:*lys.com

Prefix matching

Prefix matching is supported for some search tokens in QQL. Especially when you search for assets based on asset names, tag names, NetBIOS names, you can go for prefix matching for quicker results. All you need to do is, type the string you are looking for followed by the wildcard character '*'. The search returns name values beginning with the string that you specify before '*'. Matches are case-sensitive.

Example: This query matches assets with an asset name starting with "xp" like xpsp2-jp-26-111.

name:xp*

Example: This query matches assets with tag names starting with "Win" like Windows XP, Windows 2012, Windows Hosts.

tags.name:Win*

Example: This query matches assets with a hostname starting with "com-pa30" like com-pa3020-36.eng.sjc01.qualys.com.

interfaces.hostname:com-pa30*

Example: This query matches assets with an operating system starting with "Lin" like Linux 2.4-2.6.

operatingSystem:Lin*

Boolean Operators

Use keywords AND, OR, NOT to narrow or broaden your search. Click the link below for info on max query depth, using NOT with vulnerability queries.

Learn more >>

Examples:

Show findings that have one of these operating systems:

operatingSystem: `Windows 2002` OR operatingSystem: `Windows 7 Ultimate Service Pack 1`

Show assets not created on or before date:

AND NOT inventory.created <= "2018-11-05"

Nested Queries

Use a single nested query, using parentheses, to include multiple fields in your query. This is supported only for certain tokens like "asset", "hardware", "interfaces", etc.

Example:

Find assets last booted on certain date and have 2 CPUs:

asset: (lastBoot: '2018-10-10' AND cpuCount: 2)